Archaeologists have uncovered nearly 5000 cave paintings in Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico. The images colored in red, yellow, black and white and engraved inside cave walls depict human hunting, fishing and gathering as well as animals and insects like deer, lizards and centipedes. Organic dyes and minerals had been used to color the paintings.

Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico - 1

Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico – 1

A total of 4926 paintings were uncovered from 11 different locations and are thought to had been painted by at least three groups of hunters. At one cave alone, more than 1550 paintings were uncovered including one with Atlatl (Historic Hunting Weapon). The weapon had never been seen before in paitings of Tamaulipas region.

Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico - 2

Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico – 2

Archaeologists couldn’t determine the age of paintings but were hopeful to take samples to determine approximate age through radioactive dating. The area was not previously known to habitat any human civilization.

Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico - 3

Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico – 3

Researcher Martha Garcia Sanchez had been working on the project since 2006. She was later joined by INAH (Mexico) archaelogist Gustavo Ramirez.

The images of the cave paintings were presented by Martha at the second meeting of Historic Archaeology, in Mexico City’s National History Museum.

Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico - 4

Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico – 4

According to History Channel, nomadic tribes might have inhabited Tamaulipas region during 6000 BC. Much later, the area was conquered by Aztec armies between 1445 and 1466. However, the couldn’t control all the indigenous tribes of the region.


Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico - 5

Cave Paintings at Burgos, Tamaulipas, Mexico – 5

Gustavo Ramirez said:

The discovery is important because we have documented the presence of pre-Hispanic groups in Burgos, where before it was said there was nothing. We have not found any ancient objects linked to the context, and because the paintings are on ravine walls and in the rainy season the sediments are washed away, all we have in gravel.