As per Daily Mail reports, in a research study it was found that selfish and aggressive people were more likely to get promoted. It was found that selfless and kind people were liked and appreciated the most but were perceived as less suitable for leadership and were less likely to get promoted.



It was found that we as human generally imply aggression with strength and philanthropy with weakness. Aggressive and dominating behavior is often treated as “alpha” trait.

The research study was done by Kellogg School of Management, Stanford Graduate School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University’s Tepper School of Business. It was found in the research that people with noble traits were the most popular in groups but they were also perceived as weak and vulnerable.

See also : Confidence or Actual Skills or Both

Co-author of the report, Dr. Robert Livingston of the Kellogg School said that :

Dr. Robert Livingston
Being selfish makes you seem more dominant and being dominant makes you seem more attractive as a leader, especially when there’s competition. On a subconscious level this is the conclusion people are coming to – kindness equals weakness.

Dr. Robert Livingston explains that this human psychology of associating aggression with leadership might explain why we get corruption.